Using the route criteria or an evaluation method that has been developed (see Implementation Resources for examples), you can start drafting your route using the following steps:
Use state or local bicycle route maps which often show more routing options than state highway maps. DeLorme maps and Google maps also offer some great perspectives, but be aware of possible inaccuracies. This is where the local knowledge of bike clubs and cyclists can be very helpful.
Review your state or local trail systems and determine what might fit into the route. Trail surfaces must be suitable for touring bikes (pavement or crushed, hard-pressed gravel) and trail connections must be easy to locate. It might take local knowledge to ensure suitability of trails for bicycle touring.
Assess whether there are existing bicycle touring routes along the chosen corridor such as an Adventure Cycling route.
Assess need for infrastructure improvements and consider alternative routes. If the roads along your draft route need long-term improvements to be suitable according to USBR route criteria, consider temporary or alternative routes as a short-term solution. Realignment of the USBR can be made once the improvements are completed. In addition, if there are excellent opportunities to include options, alternative routes may be included in the designation. For more on how alternate routes should be numbered, see FAQs for Planners under the Implementation header.
Make the draft route available to stakeholders for comment, suggestions and buy-in using an online and/or printed map. Instructions and tutorials for drafting routes using Google Maps is available upon request. Draft routes can also be incorporated into Open Cycle Map.
Once your draft route is ready, you should begin outreach to jurisdictions along the route to gain agreements and support for your draft route, using the following steps:
Research and document the road owners along the route. You will need to document all of the state or local agencies that have jurisdiction over the route or surrounding area, including road authorities, municipal governments, departments of natural resources, tribes, and parks and recreation or federal land agencies such as U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, National Park Service, and/or others.
Contact road owners for USBR agreements. For any section of the route not owned by the DOT, the next step is to contact the jurisdictions to build support for the designation with the ultimate goal of gaining agreements in the form of letters or resolutions of support, memorandums of understanding (MOUs), or interagency agreements. The state DOT will determine which form of agreement they require for the AASHTO application. See Implementation Resources for template agreements.
Volunteers can expedite the outreach. Conducting outreach via phone and/or email is a great task for a local volunteer(s), and requires on average about 6 hours per jurisdiction and occasionally may require in-person travel to attend meetings. Adventure Cycling can help find volunteers if needed, just contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Be prepared with supporting documents. Be prepared to build support and answer why designation is important to the agency or authority. Putting your trail or community on the national map is a great answer, along with all the economic benefits bicycle travel provides. Liability is a question that frequently comes up when gathering local/state approvals for U.S. Bicycle Routes. There is no inherent liability for local agencies in designating bicycle routes. You can find economic benefits and liability information on Implementation Resources. There are no requirements for maintaining or improving designated USBR roadways with bicycle infrastructure; however it is encouraged.
Prepare ahead for the route to be signed. Signing U.S. Bicycle Routes is not required but is strongly encouraged by AASHTO and Adventure Cycling. Unless the local authority prohibits signing, agreements should contain language that allows for future signing and should be discussed with local road owners.
Route review by the DOT or other organization. An on-the-ground review will help eliminate gaps in routing, expose hidden challenges and help create a better route. For a sample route review document, email email@example.com.
Document everything. See the list below for specific documentation required for the AASHTO application.
If you have the time and capacity while doing outreach, contacting trail organizations, bike clubs, and cyclists along the route for their support can create important advocates for your route and aid in future promotion.
The following items must be prepared for the USBR application which the state DOT must submit to AASHTO:
Turn-by-turn instructions must be documented for the AASHTO application including where the route enters and exits the state, starting at the northern-most or eastern-most point of the state border. For an example of what AASHTO requires, see the instructions to the application.
Map(s) detailing the route, in electronic format if possible, are required for the application. Consider how you want to promote the route in the future when deciding how to map the route. Will it be promoted in a downloadable format only? Will it be printed on a bike route map? Will it become part of the state highway map? Sample maps from state applications are available upon request.
Agreement from a neighboring state is required regarding the route connection (road or trail) across the state line. The state DOT is responsible for gaining this agreement, and the adjoining state may provide a letter or memorandum, or verbal agreement, depending on what the state DOT requires for the application. Examples of both types of documents are available upon request.
Agreements from state/local road owners may be included in the application if required by the state DOT.
The signature of the state DOT’s chief executive or program supervisor is required on the application or a letter with their signature must accompany the application.
Keep in mind that routes can be designated in one application or can be designated in phases, for example, a long route might be designated in sections over a two-three year period. Realignments to established U.S. Bicycle Routes follow the same process in order for AASHTO to have accurate documentation of each route.
Adventure Cycling and AASHTO send out a national press release approximately one week after the new routes are approved. In order to meet our internal deadlines, we ask that route information from the states be provided two weeks prior to the AASHTO meeting. See the example press releases and please use the press release template below to prepare your content. Email the completed form to firstname.lastname@example.org.